Mao Ye, associate professor of finance at Gies College of Business, has been awarded a $422,288 grant over four years from the National Science Foundation to further research that could lay the groundwork for important public policy changes on Wall Street. Fellow Gies Business professors Alex Chinco and Adam Clark-Joseph are co-Principal Investigators on the project. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications on the University of Illinois campus will receive another $400,000 to help store and analyze relevant data. John Towns, Executive Director of Science and Technology at NCSA, will serve as the Principal Investigator for the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) portion of the project.
“I am thrilled to receive this award from the NSF so I can continue my research on this important subject,” said Ye, who has taught at Illinois since 2010. “This NSF grant will go a long way toward fully understanding the effect this emerging technology has on Wall Street.”
Professor Ye’s project, “BIGDATA: IA: Collaborative Research: Understanding the Financial Market Ecosystem,” seeks to break new ground in exploring the technological influence on the stock market. It will specifically focus on high-frequency traders (HFTs), which are computer algorithms that buy and sell stocks in nanoseconds, and the impact they have on the stock market. According to Ye, all research to this point has focused on the dichotomy between HFTs and human traders. As Ye points out though, that research is not complete enough. Simply lumping all HFTs into one basket is not a thorough representation of the market landscape; HFTs now trade at all different speeds and with varying frequency and complexity. His research will help experts and policy-makers understand the full spectrum of cyber-trading. He will also organize a series of National Bureau of Economic Research workshops and conferences to support similar work in the research community.
NSF grants are awarded based on two factors: intellectual merit and broader impact on society. Ye’s BIGDATA project aims to bridge the gap between research on HFTs and institutional investors who rely on quarterly holdings data. It’s the potential broader impact, though, that could have the most lasting effect. These high-frequency traders have been blamed for flash crashes that have happened in the stock market over the last decade, and there is growing debate as to whether more regulation on HFTs would prevent future crashes. Ye’s research will lay the groundwork for future public policy as it relates to cyber-traders in an era of big data.
“Federal regulators are already beginning to make adjustments, but more work needs to be done,” said Ye. “I’m confident my research will provide important guidelines and recommendations for regulators as they try to stay one step ahead of technological advances.”
Ye’s expertise on this topic is already gaining national attention. He gave the keynote speech “Big Data in Finance” at the National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute, which is currently featured on the NBER website. He was also chosen to be part of the SEC-NYU Dialogue on Securities Market Regulation on September 21. There he participated in a panel moderated by SEC Commissioner Elad Roisman on the topic of market-making, automation, and the potential for disruptive trading.
“Professor Mao Ye is one of many Gies Business faculty members who are leading the world in applying data science to important business questions,” said Jeffrey R. Brown, Josef and Margot Lakonishok Professor of Business and Dean of Gies College of Business. “This prestigious NSF grant highlights that Professor Ye is globally recognized for his research on this important issue and sharing his findings with federal policymakers.”