Innovation at Illinois

quad

1868
First architectural instruction west of the Allegheny Mountains

1870
First hands-on engineering education in America

1876
Morrow Plots, the oldest soil fertility plots in continuous use in the United States, established

1893
First school of library science west of the Alleghenies

1903
First experimental soybeans in university greenhouses

1913
Invention of sensitive
photoelectric cell

1922
Invention of sound-on-film movies

1935
Discovery of the essential amino acid threonine

1940
Invention of betatron for high energy physics

1948
First comprehensive college program for students with severe physical disabilities

1950
First school authorized to give written examinations for the commercial air pilot certificate

1952
Construction of the ILLIAC and ORDVAC computers

1959
Development of PLATO, the first computer used for direct education

1962
Completion of the Assembly Hall, the world̢۪s largest edge-supported

1970
Construction of the first visible-spectrum semiconductor

1972
Awarding of second Nobel Prize in physics to Professor John Bardeen, the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes in the same field

1977
Discovery that a group of microorganisms, now known as the Archaea, are a third

1977
Development of the quantum well laser, the principal component in com-pact disc players

1985
Creation of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications

1989
Completion of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, the result of the nation̢۪s largest gift by an individual to a public university

1990
Invention of the electronic mail program Eudora

1993
Development of MosaicTM, the first browser for the World Wide Web, at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications

1996
Discovery of processing method to extend the life of a silicon microchip as much as 50 times

1998
The University Library acquired its 9 millionth volume, a 1616 German Baroque treatise