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"Resources, Capabilities, and Routines in Public Organization"

Peter G. Klein, Joseph T. Mahoney, Anita M. McGahan, and Christos N. Pitelis


First Author :

Peter G. Klein
Division of Applied Social Sciences
University of Missouri, Truman School of Public Affairs
135 Mumford Hall
Columbia, MO 65211


Second Author :

Joseph T. Mahoney
Business Administration
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Business
1206 South Sixth Street
Champaign, IL 61820


Third Author :

Anita M. McGahan
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management
105 St. George St
Toronto, ON M5S 3E6


Fourth Author :

Christos N. Pitelis
Centre for International Business and Management
University of Cambridge, Judge Business School
Trumpington Street
Cambridge CB2 1AG


Abstract :
States, state agencies, multilateral agencies, and other non-market actors are relatively under-studied in the strategic entrepreneurship literature. While important contributions examining public decision makers have been made within the agency-theoretic and transaction-cost traditions, there is little research that builds on resource-based, dynamic capabilities, and behavioral approaches to organizations. Yet public organizations can be usefully characterized as stocks of physical, organiza-tional, and human resources; they interact with other organizations in pursuing a type of competitive advantage; they can possess excess capacity, and may grow and diversify in part according to Penrosean (dynamic) capabilities and behavioral logic. Public organizations may be managed as stewards of resources, capabilities, and routines. This paper shows how resource-based, (dynamic) capabilities, and behavioral approaches shed light on the nature and governance of public organizations and suggests a research agenda for public entrepreneurship that reflects insights gained from applying strategic management theory to public organization.
Keywords :
behavioral approach, dynamic capabilities, public organization, Resources
Manuscript Received : 2011
Manuscript Published : 2011
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