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Journal of Economic Literature Subject Descriptors

(JEL Classifications)

 
A00  -  General
A1  -  General Economics
A10  -  General
A11  -  Role of Economics; Role of Economists
A12  -  Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
A13  -  Relation of Economics to Social Values
A14  -  Sociology of Economics
A19  -  Other
A2  -  Teaching of Economics
A20  -  General
A21  -  Precollege
A22  -  Undergraduate
A23  -  Graduate
A29  -  Other
 
B00  -  General
B1  -  History of Economic Thought through 1925
B10  -  General
B11  -  Preclassical
B12  -  Classical
B13  -  Neoclassical through 1925
B14  -  Socialist; Marxist
B15  -  Historical; Institutional
B19  -  Other
B2  -  History of Economic Thought since 1925
B20  -  General
B21  -  Microeconomics
B22  -  Macroeconomics
B23  -  Econometrics; Quantitative Studies
B24  -  Socialist; Marxist
B25  -  Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
B29  -  Other
B3  -  History of Thought: - Individuals
B30  -  General
B31  -  Individuals
B4  -  Economic Methodology
B40  -  General
B41  -  Economic Methodology
B49  -  Other
B5  -  Current Heterodox Approaches
B50  -  General
B51  -  Socialist; Marxian; Sraffian
B52  -  Institutional; Evolutionary
B53  -  Austrian
B59  -  Other
 
C00  -  General
C1  -  Econometric and Statistical Methods: - General
C10  -  General
C11  -  Bayesian Analysis
C12  -  Hypothesis Testing
C13  -  Estimation
C14  -  Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods
C15  -  Statistical Simulation Methods; Monte Carlo Methods
C19  -  Other
C2  -  Econometric Methods: - Single Equation Models
C20  -  General
C21  -  Cross-Sectional Models
C22  -  Time-Series Models
C23  -  Models with Panel Data
C24  -  Truncated and Censored Models
C25  -  Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models
C29  -  Other
C3  -  Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models
C30  -  General
C31  -  Cross-Sectional Models
C32  -  Time-Series Models
C33  -  Models with Panel Data
C34  -  Truncated and Censored Models
C35  -  Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models
C39  -  Other
C4  -  Econometric and Statistical Methods: - Special Topics
C40  -  General
C41  -  Duration Analysis
C42  -  Survey Methods
C43  -  Index Numbers and Aggregation
C44  -  Statistical Decision Theory; Operations Research
C45  -  Neural Networks and Related Topics
C49  -  Other
C5  -  Econometric Modeling
C50  -  General
C51  -  Model Construction and Estimation
C52  -  Model Evaluation and Testing
C53  -  Forecasting and Other Model Applications
C59  -  Other
C6  -  Mathematical Methods and Programming
C60  -  General
C61  -  Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
C62  -  Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
C63  -  Computational Techniques
C67  -  Input-Output Models
C68  -  Computable General Equilibrium Models
C69  -  Other
C7  -  Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
C70  -  General
C71  -  Cooperative Games
C72  -  Noncooperative Games
C73  -  Stochastic and Dynamic Games
C78  -  Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
C79  -  Other
C8  -  Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
C80  -  General
C81  -  Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data
C82  -  Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data
C87  -  Econometric Software
C88  -  Other Computer Software
C89  -  Other
C9  -  Design of Experiments
C90  -  General
C91  -  Laboratory, Individual Behavior
C92  -  Laboratory, Group Behavior
C93  -  Field Experiments
C99  -  Other
 
D00  -  General
D1  -  Household Behavior
D10  -  General
D11  -  Consumer Economics: Theory
D12  -  Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
D13  -  Household Production
D18  -  Consumer Protection
D19  -  Other
D2  -  Production and Organizations
D20  -  General
D21  -  Firm Behavior
D23  -  Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
D24  -  Production; Capital and Total Factor Productivity; Capacity
D29  -  Other
D3  -  Distribution
D30  -  General
D31  -  Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
D33  -  Factor Income Distribution
D39  -  Other
D4  -  Market Structure and Pricing
D40  -  General
D41  -  Perfect Competition
D42  -  Monopoly
D43  -  Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
D44  -  Auctions
D45  -  Rationing; Licensing
D46  -  Value Theory
D49  -  Other
D5  -  General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
D50  -  General
D51  -  Exchange and Production Economies
D52  -  Incomplete Markets
D57  -  Input-Output Analysis
D58  -  Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
D59  -  Other
D6  -  Welfare Economics
D60  -  General
D61  -  Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
D62  -  Externalities
D63  -  Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
D64  -  Altruism
D69  -  Other
D7  -  Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
D70  -  General
D71  -  Social Choice; Clubs; Committees
D72  -  Economic Models of Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
D73  -  Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations
D74  -  Conflict; Conflict Resolution
D78  -  Positive Analysis of Policy-Making and Implementation
D79  -  Other
D8  -  Information and Uncertainty
D80  -  General
D81  -  Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
D82  -  Asymmetric and Private Information
D83  -  Search, Learning, and Information
D84  -  Expectations; Speculations
D89  -  Other
D9  -  Intertemporal Choice and Growth
D90  -  General
D91  -  Intertemporal Consumer Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
D92  -  Intertemporal Firm Choice and Growth, Investment, or Financing
D99  -  Other
 
E00  -  General
E1  -  General Aggregative Models
E10  -  General
E11  -  Marxian; Sraffian; Institutional; Evolutionary
E12  -  Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
E13  -  Neoclassical
E17  -  Forecasting and Simulation
E19  -  Other
E2  -  Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
E20  -  General
E21  -  Consumption; Saving
E22  -  Capital; Investment (including Inventories); Capacity
E23  -  Production
E24  -  Employment; Unemployment; Wages
E25  -  Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
E27  -  Forecasting and Simulation
E29  -  Other
E3  -  Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
E30  -  General
E31  -  Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
E32  -  Business Fluctuations; Cycles
E37  -  Forecasting and Simulation
E39  -  Other
E4  -  Money and Interest Rates
E40  -  General
E41  -  Demand for Money
E42  -  Monetary Standards and Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
E43  -  Determination of Interest Rates; Term Structure of Interest Rates
E44  -  Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
E47  -  Forecasting and Simulation
E49  -  Other
E5  -  Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
E50  -  General
E51  -  Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
E52  -  Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)
E53  -  Deposit Insurance
E58  -  Central Banks and Their Policies
E59  -  Other
E6  -  Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook
E60  -  General
E61  -  Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
E62  -  Fiscal Policy; Public Expenditures, Investment, and Finance; Taxation
E63  -  Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy
E64  -  Incomes Policy; Price Policy
E65  -  Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
E66  -  General Outlook and Conditions
E69  -  Other
 
F00  -  General
F01  -  Global Outlook
F02  -  International Economic Order; Economic Integration: General
F1  -  Trade
F10  -  General
F11  -  Neoclassical Models of Trade
F12  -  Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
F13  -  Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations
F14  -  Country and Industry Studies of Trade
F15  -  Economic Integration
F17  -  Trade Forecasting and Simulation
F18  -  Trade and Environment
F19  -  Other
F2  -  International Factor Movements and International Business
F20  -  General
F21  -  International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
F22  -  International Migration
F23  -  Multinational Firms; International Business
F29  -  Other
F3  -  International Finance
F30  -  General
F31  -  Foreign Exchange
F32  -  Current Account Adjustment; Short-Term Capital Movements
F33  -  International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
F34  -  International Lending and Debt Problems
F35  -  Foreign Aid
F36  -  Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
F39  -  Other
F4  -  Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
F40  -  General
F41  -  Open Economy Macroeconomics
F42  -  International Policy Coordination and Transmission
F43  -  Economic Growth of Open Economies
F47  -  Forecasting and Simulation
F49  -  Other
 
G00  -  General
G1  -  General Financial Markets
G10  -  General
G11  -  Portfolio Choice
G12  -  Asset Pricing
G13  -  Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
G14  -  Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies
G15  -  International Financial Markets
G18  -  Government Policy and Regulation
G19  -  Other
G2  -  Financial Institutions and Services
G20  -  General
G21  -  Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Mortgages
G22  -  Insurance; Insurance Companies
G23  -  Pension Funds; Other Private Financial Institutions
G24  -  Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
G28  -  Government Policy and Regulation
G29  -  Other
G3  -  Corporate Finance and Governance
G30  -  General
G31  -  Capital Budgeting; Investment Policy
G32  -  Financing Policy; Capital and Ownership Structure
G33  -  Bankruptcy; Liquidation
G34  -  Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
G35  -  Payout Policy
G38  -  Government Policy and Regulation
G39  -  Other
 
H00  -  General
H1  -  Structure and Scope of Government
H10  -  General
H11  -  Structure and Scope of Government
H19  -  Other
H2  -  Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
H20  -  General
H21  -  Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
H22  -  Incidence
H23  -  Externalities; Redistributive Effects
H24  -  Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
H25  -  Business Taxes and Subsidies
H26  -  Tax Evasion
H29  -  Other
H3  -  Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
H30  -  General
H31  -  Household
H32  -  Firm
H39  -  Other
H4  -  Publicly Provided Goods
H40  -  General
H41  -  Public Goods
H42  -  Publicly Provided Private Goods
H43  -  Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
H49  -  Other
H5  -  National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
H50  -  General
H51  -  Government Expenditures and Health
H52  -  Government Expenditures and Education
H53  -  Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
H54  -  Infrastructures
H55  -  Social Security and Public Pensions
H56  -  National Security and War
H57  -  Procurement
H59  -  Other
H6  -  National Budget, Deficit, and Debt
H60  -  General
H61  -  Budget; Budget Systems
H62  -  Deficit
H63  -  Debt; Debt Management
H69  -  Other
H7  -  State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
H70  -  General
H71  -  State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
H72  -  State and Local Budget and Expenditures
H73  -  Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
H74  -  State and Local Borrowing
H77  -  Intergovernmental Relations
H79  -  Other
H8  -  Miscellaneous Issues
H80  -  General
H81  -  Governmental Loans and Credits
H82  -  Governmental Property
H87  -  International Fiscal Issues
H89  -  Other
 
I00  -  General
I1  -  Health
I10  -  General
I11  -  Analysis of Health Care Markets
I12  -  Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality, Morbidity, Disability, and Economic Behavior
I18  -  Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
I19  -  Other
I2  -  Education
I20  -  General
I21  -  Analysis of Education
I22  -  Educational Finance
I28  -  Government Policy
I29  -  Other
I3  -  Welfare and Poverty
I30  -  General
I31  -  General Welfare; Basic Needs; Quality of Life
I32  -  Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
I38  -  Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
I39  -  Other
 
J00  -  General
J1  -  Demographic Economics
J10  -  General
J11  -  Demographic Trends and Forecasts
J12  -  Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
J13  -  Fertility; Child Care; Children; Youth
J14  -  Economics of the Elderly
J15  -  Economics of Minorities
J16  -  Economics of Gender
J17  -  Value of Life; Foregone Income
J18  -  Public Policy
J19  -  Other
J2  -  Time Allocation; Work Behavior; Employment Determination and Creation
J20  -  General
J21  -  Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J22  -  Time Allocation and Labor Supply
J23  -  Employment Determination; Demand for Labor; Self-employment
J24  -  Human Capital Formation; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J26  -  Retirement; Retirement Policies
J28  -  Safety; Accidents; Industrial Health; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
J29  -  Other
J3  -  Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
J30  -  General
J31  -  Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc.
J32  -  Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Private Pensions
J33  -  Compensation Packages; Payment Methods
J38  -  Public Policy
J39  -  Other
J4  -  Particular Labor Markets
J40  -  General
J41  -  Contracts: Specific Human Capital, Matching Models, Efficiency Wage Models, and Internal Labor Markets
J42  -  Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
J43  -  Agricultural Labor Markets
J44  -  Professional Labor Markets and Occupations
J45  -  Public Sector Labor Markets
J49  -  Other
J5  -  Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
J50  -  General
J51  -  Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
J52  -  Dispute Resolution: Strikes; Arbitration; Mediation
J53  -  Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
J54  -  Producer Cooperatives; Labor Managed Firms
J58  -  Public Policy
J59  -  Other
J6  -  Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies
J60  -  General
J61  -  Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
J62  -  Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility
J63  -  Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
J64  -  Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
J65  -  Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
J68  -  Public Policy
J69  -  Other
J7  -  Discrimination
J70  -  General
J71  -  Discrimination
J78  -  Public Policy
J79  -  Other
 
K00  -  General
K1  -  Basic Areas of Law
K10  -  General
K11  -  Property Law
K12  -  Contract Law
K13  -  Tort Law and Product Liability
K14  -  Criminal Law
K19  -  Other
K2  -  Regulation and Business Law
K20  -  General
K21  -  Antitrust Law
K22  -  Corporation and Securities Law
K23  -  Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
K29  -  Other
K3  -  Other Substantive Areas of Law
K30  -  General
K31  -  Labor Law
K32  -  Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
K33  -  International Law
K34  -  Tax Law
K39  -  Other
K4  -  Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
K40  -  General
K41  -  Litigation Process
K42  -  Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
K49  -  Other
 
L00  -  General
L1  -  Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
L10  -  General
L11  -  Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
L12  -  Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
L13  -  Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
L14  -  Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
L15  -  Information and Product Quality
L16  -  Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
L19  -  Other
L2  -  Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
L20  -  General
L21  -  Business Objectives of the Firm
L22  -  Firm Organization and Market Structure: Markets vs. Hierarchies; Vertical Integration
L23  -  Organization of Production
L29  -  Other
L3  -  Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise
L30  -  General
L31  -  Nonprofit Institutions
L32  -  Public Enterprises
L33  -  Boundaries of Public and Private Enterprise; Privatization; Contracting Out
L39  -  Other
L4  -  Antitrust Policy
L40  -  General
L41  -  Monopolization; Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices
L42  -  Vertical Restraints; Resale Price Maintenance; Quantity Discounts
L43  -  Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation
L44  -  Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations
L49  -  Other
L5  -  Regulation and Industrial Policy
L50  -  General
L51  -  Economics of Regulation
L52  -  Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
L59  -  Other
L6  -  Industry Studies: Manufacturing
L60  -  General
L61  -  Metals and Metal Products; Cement; Glass; Ceramics
L62  -  Automobiles; Other Transportation Equipment
L63  -  Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
L64  -  Other Machinery; Business Equipment
L65  -  Chemicals; Drugs
L66  -  Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
L67  -  Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather
L68  -  Appliances; Other Consumer Durables
L69  -  Other
L7  -  Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction
L70  -  General
L71  -  Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels
L72  -  Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Other Nonrenewable Resources
L73  -  Forest Products: Lumber and Paper
L74  -  Construction
L79  -  Other
L8  -  Industry Studies: Services
L80  -  General
L81  -  Retail and Wholesale Trade; Warehousing
L82  -  Entertainment; Media (Performing Arts, Visual Arts, Broadcasting, Publishing, etc.)
L83  -  Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism
L84  -  Personal and Professional Services
L85  -  Real Estate Services
L86  -  Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
L89  -  Other
L9  -  Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities
L90  -  General
L91  -  Transportation: General
L92  -  Railroads and Other Surface Transportation: Autos, Buses, Trucks, and Water Carriers
L93  -  Air Transportation
L94  -  Electric Utilities
L95  -  Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
L96  -  Telecommunications
L97  -  Utilities: General
L98  -  Government Policy
L99  -  Other
 
M00  -  General
M1  -  Business Administration
M10  -  General
M11  -  Production Management
M12  -  Personnel Management
M13  -  Entrepreneurship
M14  -  Corporate Culture; Social Responsibility
M19  -  Other
M2  -  Business Economics
M20  -  General
M21  -  Business Economics
M29  -  Other
M3  -  Marketing and Advertising
M30  -  General
M31  -  Marketing
M37  -  Advertising
M39  -  Other
M4  -  Accounting
M40  -  General
M41  -  Accounting
M49  -  Other
 
N00  -  General
N01  -  Development of the Discipline: Historiographical; Sources and Methods
N1  -  Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Growth and Fluctuations
N10  -  General, International, or Comparative
N11  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N12  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N13  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N14  -  Europe: 1913-71
N15  -  Asia including Middle East
N16  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N17  -  Africa; Oceania
N2  -  Financial Markets and Institutions
N20  -  General, International, or Comparative
N21  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N22  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N23  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N24  -  Europe: 1913-71
N25  -  Asia including Middle East
N26  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N27  -  Africa; Oceania
N3  -  Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Income and Wealth
N30  -  General, International, or Comparative
N31  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N32  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N33  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N34  -  Europe: 1913-71
N35  -  Asia including Middle East
N36  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N37  -  Africa; Oceania
N4  -  Government, War, Law, and Regulation
N40  -  General, International, or Comparative
N41  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N42  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N43  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N44  -  Europe: 1913-71
N45  -  Asia including Middle East
N46  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N47  -  Africa; Oceania
N5  -  Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries
N50  -  General, International, or Comparative
N51  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N52  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N53  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N54  -  Europe: 1913-71
N55  -  Asia including Middle East
N56  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N57  -  Africa; Oceania
N6  -  Manufacturing and Construction
N60  -  General, International, or Comparative
N61  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N62  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N63  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N64  -  Europe: 1913-71
N65  -  Asia including Middle East
N66  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N67  -  Africa; Oceania
N7  -  Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services
N70  -  General, International, or Comparative
N71  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N72  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N73  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N74  -  Europe: 1913-71
N75  -  Asia including Middle East
N76  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N77  -  Africa; Oceania
N8  -  Micro-Business History
N80  -  General, International, or Comparative
N81  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N82  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-71
N83  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N84  -  Europe: 1913-71
N85  -  Asia including Middle East
N86  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N87  -  Africa; Oceania
N9  -  Regional and Urban History
N90  -  General
N91  -  U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
N92  -  U.S.; Canada: 1913-
N93  -  Europe: Pre-1913
N94  -  Europe: 1913-
N95  -  Asia including Middle East
N96  -  Latin America; Caribbean
N97  -  Africa; Oceania
 
O00  -  General
O1  -  Economic Development
O10  -  General
O11  -  Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
O12  -  Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
O13  -  Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
O14  -  Industrialization; Choice of Technology
O15  -  Human Resources; Income Distribution; Migration
O16  -  Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment
O17  -  Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
O18  -  Regional, Urban, and Rural Analyses
O19  -  International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
O2  -  Development Planning and Policy
O20  -  General
O21  -  Planning Models; Planning Policy
O22  -  Project Analysis
O23  -  Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
O29  -  Other
O3  -  Technological Change
O30  -  General
O31  -  Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
O32  -  Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
O33  -  Technological Change: Choices and Consequences
O34  -  Intellectual Property Rights: National and International Issues
O38  -  Government Policy
O39  -  Other
O4  -  Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
O40  -  General
O41  -  One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
O42  -  Monetary Growth Models
O47  -  Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity
O49  -  Other
O5  -  Economywide Country Studies
O50  -  General
O51  -  U.S.; Canada
O52  -  Europe
O53  -  Asia including Middle East
O54  -  Latin America; Caribbean
O55  -  Africa
O56  -  Oceania
O57  -  Comparative Studies of Countries
 
P00  -  General
P1  -  Capitalist Systems
P10  -  General
P11  -  Planning, Coordination, and Reform
P12  -  Capitalist Enterprises
P13  -  Cooperative Enterprises
P16  -  Political Economy
P17  -  Performance and Prospects
P19  -  Other
P2  -  Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies
P20  -  General
P21  -  Planning, Coordination, and Reform
P22  -  Prices
P23  -  Factor and Product Markets
P24  -  National Income, Product, and Expenditure; Money; Inflation
P26  -  Political Economy
P27  -  Performance and Prospects
P29  -  Other
P3  -  Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
P30  -  General
P31  -  Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
P32  -  Collectives; Communes; Agricultural Institutions
P33  -  International Linkages
P34  -  Finance
P35  -  Public Finance
P36  -  Household Behavior
P39  -  Other
P4  -  Other Economic Systems
P40  -  General
P41  -  Planning, Coordination, and Reform
P42  -  Productive Enterprises; Factor and Product Markets; Prices
P43  -  Finance; Public Finance
P44  -  National Income, Product, and Expenditure; Money; Inflation
P45  -  International Linkages
P46  -  Household Behavior
P47  -  Performance and Prospects
P49  -  Other
P5  -  Comparative Economic Systems
P50  -  General
P51  -  Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
P52  -  Comparative Studies of Particular Economies
P59  -  Other
 
Q00  -  General
Q01  -  Sustainable Development
Q1  -  Agriculture
Q10  -  General
Q11  -  Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
Q12  -  Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
Q13  -  Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
Q14  -  Agricultural Finance
Q15  -  Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation
Q16  -  R&D; Agricultural Technology; Agricultural Extension Services
Q17  -  Agriculture in International Trade
Q18  -  Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
Q19  -  Other
Q2  -  Renewable Resources and Conservation; Environmental Management
Q20  -  General
Q21  -  Demand and Supply
Q22  -  Fishery
Q23  -  Forestry
Q24  -  Land
Q25  -  Water; Air
Q26  -  Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources; Contingent Valuation Methods
Q28  -  Government Policy
Q29  -  Other
Q3  -  Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
Q30  -  General
Q31  -  Demand and Supply
Q32  -  Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
Q33  -  Resource Booms
Q38  -  Government Policy
Q39  -  Other
Q4  -  Energy
Q40  -  General
Q41  -  Demand and Supply
Q42  -  Alternative Energy Sources
Q43  -  Energy and the Macroeconomy
Q48  -  Government Policy
Q49  -  Other
 
R00  -  General
R1  -  General Regional Economics
R10  -  General
R11  -  Analysis of Growth, Development, and Changes
R12  -  Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
R13  -  General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
R14  -  Land Use Patterns
R15  -  Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Models
R19  -  Other
R2  -  Household Analysis
R20  -  General
R21  -  Housing Demand
R22  -  Other Demand
R23  -  Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
R29  -  Other
R3  -  Production Analysis and Firm Location
R30  -  General
R31  -  Housing Supply and Markets
R32  -  Other Production and Pricing Analysis
R33  -  Nonagricultural and Nonresidential Real Estate Markets
R34  -  Input Demand Analysis
R38  -  Government Policies; Regulatory Policies
R39  -  Other
R4  -  Transportation Systems
R40  -  General
R41  -  Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion
R42  -  Government and Private Investment Analysis
R48  -  Government Pricing; Regulatory Policies
R49  -  Other
R5  -  Regional Government Analysis
R50  -  General
R51  -  Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
R52  -  Land Use and Other Regulations
R53  -  Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
R58  -  Regional Development Policy
R59  -  Other
 
Z00  -  General
Z1  -  Cultural Economics
Z10  -  General
Z11  -  Economics of the Arts
Z12  -  Religion
Z13  -  Social Norms and Social Capital